Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA)
A Consular Report of Birth (CRBA) is evidence of United States citizenship, issued to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents who meet the requirements for transmitting citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
CRBA applications must be made before the child’s 18th birthday, and we recommend that the parents apply for the CRBA as soon as possible after the child’s birth. For applicants older than age 18 who have never been issued a CRBA, please refer to Possible Derivative Claim to U.S. Citizenship. Anyone who has a claim to U.S. citizenship must be in possession of a valid U.S passport to enter and exit the United States, even if they have citizenship of another country, as well.
Proof of Citizenship
You may prove U.S. citizenship with any one of the following:
- Previous U.S. Passport (mutilated, altered, or damaged passports are not acceptable as evidence of U.S. citizenship.)
- Certified birth certificate issued by the city, county or state.
- A certified birth certificate has a registrar’s raised, embossed, impressed or multicolored seal, registrar’s signature, and the date the certificate was filed with the registrar’s office, which must be within 1 year of your birth
- Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certification of Birth
- Naturalization Certificate
- Certificate of Citizenship
A Delayed Birth Certificate filed more than one year after your birth may be acceptable if it lists the documentation used to create it, and is signed by the attending physician or midwife, or lists an affidavit signed by the parents, or shows early public records.
If you do not have a previous U.S. passport or a certified birth certificate, you will need:
- Letter of “No Record found”, issued by the Vital Statistics office of the state of your birth stating your name, date of birth, which years were searched for a birth record and that there is no birth certificate on file for you, and as many of the following as possible:
- baptismal certificate
- hospital birth certificate
- census record
- early school record
- family bible record
- doctor’s record of post-natal care
These documents must be early public records showing the date and place of birth, preferably created within the first five years of the applicant’s life.
You may also submit an Affidavit of Birth, Form DS-10, (PDF Document Size: 117Kb) from an older blood relative, i.e., a parent, aunt, uncle, sibling, who has personal knowledge of your birth. It must be notarized or have the seal and signature of the acceptance agent.
If you were born abroad and do not have a Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certificate of Birth on file, you will need other documentation as shown below.
If you claim citizenship through birth abroad to one U.S. citizen parent:
- Foreign birth certificate,
- Proof of citizenship of your U.S. citizen parent, AND
- An affidavit of your U.S. citizen parent showing all periods and places of residence or physical presence in the United States and abroad before your birth.
If you claim citizenship through birth abroad to two U.S. citizen parents:
- Your foreign birth certificate,
- Parent’s marriage certificate, AND
- Proof of citizenship of your U.S. parents and an affidavit of your U.S. citizen parents showing all periods and places of residence of physical presence in the United States and abroad before your birth.
The following are not proof of citizenship:
- Voter registration cards.
- Army discharge papers.
- Information on foreign-born children adopted by U.S. citizens.
Transmission of U.S. citizenship depends on:
- At least one parent having the nationality of the United States at the time of the child’s birth;
- The existence of a blood relationship between the child and U.S. citizen parent(s);
- Documentary evidence demonstrating the U.S. citizen parent(s)’ presence in the United States prior to the child’s birth, as specified below.
Examples of Documentation
- Wage and tax statements (W-2)
- Academic transcripts
- Employment records
- Rental receipts
- Records of honorable U.S. military service, employment with U.S. Government or certain intergovernmental international organizations; or as a dependent, unmarried child and member of the household of a parent in such service or employment (except where indicated).
- U.S. passport stamps may be considered a part of the evidence submitted, but should not be the sole documentary evidence. Drivers’ licenses do not constitute evidence of physical presence.
If you have other children who have been issued with a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, this may be considered as supplemental evidence. Please also read important information regarding Supporting Documents.
If parents are married at the time of the child’s birth, but only one is a U.S. Citizen, the U.S. Citizen parent must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possessions for at least five years, two of which must be after the age of 14. (This is only for children born on or after November 14, 1986).
If parents are unmarried at time of child’s birth, the mother is a U.S. citizen and the father is a non-U.S. citizen, the mother must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possession for one continuous year. (For Children born on or after December 24, 1952.).
For children born on or after June 12, 2017, if parents are unmarried at time of child’s birth, the mother is a U.S. citizen and the father is a non-U.S. citizen, the mother must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possession for five years, two of which were after the age of 14.
For children born on or after November 14, 1986: If parents are unmarried at the time of the child’s birth, the father is a U.S. citizen and the mother is a non-U.S. citizen, the father must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possessions for five years, two years of which were after the age of 14; and blood relationship established between father and child; and father (unless deceased) agrees in writing, prior to the child turning 18, to support child until age 18; and while child is under age 18:
- Child is legitimated, or
- Father acknowledges paternity under oath, or
- Paternity established by court adjudication.
For information on Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship by a Child Born Abroad, visit travel.state.gov.
Obtaining a Consular Report of Birth Abroad
If the transmission requirements have been met, please submit the following in person by the applicant (child) and at least one parent, preferably the U.S. citizen parent, at the U.S Embassy.
Completed (but not signed) CRBA application Form DS-2029 – all questions must be answered.
- If the U.S. citizen parent is not able to attend the appointment, they must complete the Affidavit of Parentage, Physical Presence and Support, have it notarized by a Public Notary (in the U.S.)
- Child’s Birth Certificate.
- Parents’ registered marriage certificate if applicable.
- Evidence of termination of any previous marriages if applicable.
- American Citizen Parent(s)’ evidence of U.S. Citizenship (U.S. passport or naturalization certificate).
- American Citizen Parent’s documentary evidence of physical presence in the United States prior to the child’s birth.
- Self-addressed courier envelope for the return of the passport and/or Consular Report of Birth Abroad – if you would want the Consular Report of Birth Abroad to be sent to you.
- Consular Fees
-Consular Report of Birth Abroad- US$100
-U.S. Passport for minor under age 16- US$115
-U.S. passport for applicant age 16-17- US$145
Once you have completed all appropriate application forms and gathered all required supporting documentation, make an appointment to lodge the application. Please make sure you print your appointment confirmation to show to the Consulate Security. Parents are encouraged to apply for their child’s Social Security Number online when they receive the processed CRBA.
If you need further guidance on registering the birth of a U.S. child in Zimbabwe, please call American Citizen Services at the U.S. Embassy in Harare – Phone +263 4 250593/5 ext: 4081 or email Consularharare@state.gov.
You must appear in person with your child, at the U.S Embassy in Harare , (online appointment needed). You may also apply for a passport when you submit your child’s Consular Report of Birth Abroad application.
For more information about Reporting Your Child’s Birth Abroad and for the application form, please visit the State Department’s website.
A Consular Report of Birth can only be prepared at the U.S. Embassy. It cannot be prepared if the child has been taken back into the United States, or, if the person is 18 years of age or older at the time the application is made.
If the U.S. citizen parent does not meet the transmission requirements, and the child is under 18 years of age, the child may be eligible for expeditious naturalization under the Child Citizenship Act 2000.