The Liberation War of the 1970s left Zimbabwe with arguably the densest minefields to be found anywhere in the world. Original estimates reported seven minefields, covering 766 kilometers (km) along the Zambian and Mozambican borders. The minefields consisted of mainly anti-personnel mines at a reported density of 5,500 per linear km. The current estimate for remaining contamination is 557 km of “frontage” along the border with Mozambique.
The mined areas are located close to populated areas and have considerable humanitarian, social, and economic impact on communities. Landmines continue to block access to residential land, inhibit cross-border trading, deny small-scale farmers access to agricultural land, and separate communities from primary water sources, adversely affecting sanitation and livestock farming.
What are the U.S. efforts
U.S. Helps Return Land to Communities for Productive Use